A spectrometer is a scientific instrument used to measure and analyze the properties of light across a specific range of wavelengths. It plays a crucial role in various fields of science, such as physics, chemistry, astronomy, and biology, by providing insights into the composition, structure, and behavior of matter and electromagnetic radiation.The primary purpose of a spectrometer is to separate light into its individual components based on their wavelengths.
Spectrometers can be classified into absorption spectrometers, emission spectrometers, and scattering spectrometers based on how light interacts with the sample. These different types of spectrometers employ distinct measurement principles when analyzing samples, thus providing a wealth of information.
Absorption Spectrometers: Absorption spectrometers measure the amount of light absorbed by a sample at specific wavelengths. This absorption is related to the interaction between molecules or substances in the sample and the incident light, resulting in energy absorption. Absorption spectrometers are widely used to analyze the chemical composition, concentration, reaction kinetics, and more of samples. They are particularly common in the fields of ultraviolet-visible and infrared spectroscopy.
Emission Spectrometers: Emission spectrometers measure the light emitted by a sample after being excited. When a sample is energized (typically with light or electricity), it emits light at specific wavelengths. This emitted spectral light is termed fluorescence or luminescence, depending on the type of excitation source and the nature of the sample. Fluorescence spectrometers are used to analyze characteristics of fluorescent molecules, such as fluorescent dyes, proteins, and cells. Atomic emission spectrometers, on the other hand, are used to analyze the emission spectra of atoms and are typically applied in elemental analysis.
Scattering Spectrometers: Scattering spectrometers are employed to analyze the light scattered by a sample. Scattering occurs when light interacts with small particles or structures within the sample, resulting in changes in the direction and energy of the light. Among them, Raman spectrometers are a specific type of scattering spectrometer that measures minute frequency shifts in scattered light, which are related to the molecular vibrational modes of the sample. Raman spectroscopy is a highly useful technique for analyzing molecular structures, lattice vibrations, and chemical bond information.
These various types of spectrometers play vital roles in scientific research, industrial applications, and medical diagnostics. MSE Supplies offers various spectrometers. If you have any questions, please request a quote, contact us online, or call us at (520)789-6673.
Single Beam UV/VIS
Single Beam UV/VIS with Smart Touch Screen
Single Beam UV/VIS
Double Beam UV/VIS with Smart Touch Screen
High Performence Double Beam UV/VIS
Casting Steel Balls
Flying Saucer Steel Balls
Forging Steel Balls
Stainless Steel Balls
Fluorescence Economy Compact
Fluorescence with High Photometric Value Range
Classification of spectrometers Based on the Wavelength
- Advanced Ceramics
- Biotechnologies (DNA & RNA isolation)
- Chemicals Including Agrochemicals, e.g. Fungicides, Insecticides
- Coatings, Paints, Printing and Inkjet Printer Inks
- Electronic Materials and Components, e.g. CMP Slurry, Ceramic Capacitors, Conductive Inks
- Food Processing
- Lithium Ion Battery Materials
- Minerals Processing
- Organic Synthesis
- Pigments and Dyes
|Spectrometer Type||Wavelength Range||Representative Spectrometers||Features and Principles||Application Areas|
|X-ray Spectrometers||<10 nm||X-ray Diffractometer, Gamma-ray Spectrometer||Detect high-energy, highly penetrating radiation, analyze material structures and composition||Materials Science, Medical Imaging, Nuclear Physics Research|
|Ultraviolet Spectrometers||10~380 nm||UV-Vis Spectrophotometer, Fluorescence Spectrometer||Analyze absorption and emission characteristics in the UV range, different ranges have different applications||Chemical Analysis, Biological Research, Medical Imaging|
|Visible Light Spectrometers||380~760 nm||Visible Spectrophotometer||Measure visible light spectrum, used in color measurement and material analysis||Color Measurement, Chemical Analysis, Material Inspection|
|Near-Infrared Spectrometers||760 nm~2.5 μm||Near-Infrared Spectrophotometer||Analyze near-infrared spectrum, identify molecular vibrations and biomolecules||Chemistry, Biomedical Sciences, Food Science|
|Infrared Spectrometers||2.5~30 μm||FTIR Spectrometer||Analyze infrared spectrum, measure molecular vibrations and chemical bonds||Organic Chemistry, Material Analysis, Astronomy|
|Terahertz Spectrometers||30~3000 μm||Terahertz Spectrometer||Operate in the terahertz range, detect electronic and lattice vibrations||Non-Destructive Testing, Biomedical Imaging, Material Characterization|
How To Choose Milling Media & Grinding Media?
The composition of the media can encompass a wide array of materials, including carbon steel, stainless steel, chrome steel, as well as non-metallic options like steatite or ceramics. The selection of the appropriate grinding media for a specific application relies on several factors, including:
Select the size of milling balls and grinding media based on the material's size. Larger media quickly reduces particle size, while smaller media grind finer particles for greater consistency.
To achieve optimal results and prevent contamination, ensuring that the grinding media and ball composition align with the material to be milled is crucial.
Higher-density milling media produces more efficient milling with finer final particle size. The grinding media’s specific gravity must be higher than the milled material.
Harder grinding media facilitates more efficient grinding with less wear and less contamination.
When considering grinding media prices, remember that more expensive media may be more efficient or more resistant to wear, balancing out the expense.
Reference our chart for calculated ball weight of typical milling media.